Scientific Documents

The Shrinking Continent: Accessibility, Competitiveness and Cohesion
Klaus Spiekermann and Michael Wegener, Transatlantic Seminar "Gathering the Evidence: The Way Forward for European Planning?" Luxembourg, 3-4 May 2007

Transport and telecommunications stand out among other fields of EU policy making by a number of unique characteristics: They are determined by rapid technological advances. They are intimately associated with economic development and hence the European goal of competitiveness. They have significant implications for two other major European goals, cohesion and sustainability, which tend to be in conflict with competitiveness. And last, but not least, they are policy fields in which the EU, through cofinancing under the Structural and Cohesion Funds, has above average competence and influence.


Scenario modelling on Land use competition -Copenhagen case study
Bernd Münier, Morten Fuglsang, Pashmina Project, May 2012

The availability of detailed spatial data on a wide variety of drivers for land use (economic, ecologic, social, institutional, etc.) open up the opportunity to investigate the complex interaction of these drivers in actual land use decisions.In a case study at regional scale, the LUCIA (Land Use Change Impact Assessment) model was applied in Copenhagen City-Region, Denmark, to model future land-use with a specific focus on transport flows. The city-region comprises the Copenhagen Metropolitan Area and its hinterland, i.e. the island of Zealand. The LUCIA model is a Cellular automata (CA) model used to simulate future patterns of land use change based on two distinct levels; the macro level with socio-economic changes, and the micro level where local land-use factors such a proximity and density are included.


Mapping impacts of paradigm shift scenarios on long term urban development: Danish case study
Bernd Münier, Morten Fuglsang and Anne Jensen, Pashmina Project, May 2012

The modelling of land use, settlements and urban sprawl related to transport modes, infrastructure and accessibility is a way to analyze future scenarios by modelling different future pathways. Eastern part of Denmark covering both the Copenhagen Metropolitan region and some remote, sparsely populated areas has been chosen for this case study. By using spatial data of different scales coupled with relevant socio‐economic data, this work has explored and tested the understanding of land use change relation by modelling the often complex local and regional factors determining the allocation and placement of new housing areas.


ESPON SS-LR (SPAN-3) - Spatial Scenarios: New Tools for Local-Regional Territories
Polytechnico di Milano, 2009-2010

The capacity to transfer methodologies of spatial scenarios to the local-regional scale is a subject of major relevance. Policy makers and the main stakeholders involved in strategic planning processes need territorial forecasting instruments to detect the main critical factors and trends in order to anticipate changes in the environment. There is a need to develop and apply regional forecasting methodologies and instruments at the appropriate territorial scale, responding to functional local-regional territories. The purpose of this targeted analysis is to transfer, adapt and apply the same spatial scenarios’ methodology used within the ESPON Project 3.2 at functional territorial scale, equal or lower than NUTS3. The methodology and instruments will be applied to the case of Barcelona Provincial Council (BPC). The outcome of this project should enable policy makers to draw up regional, social and economic territorial policies and development strategies for their territories [visit website]


Espon Project 3.2 - Spatial scenarios in relation to the ESDP and EU Cohesion Policy
Free University of Brussels - IGEAT, 2004-2007 

Support policy development in relation to the aim of territorial cohesion and a harmonious development of the European territory by providing comparable information, evidence, analyses and scenarios on territorial dynamics and revealing territorial capital and potentials for development of regions and larger territories contributing to European competitiveness, territorial cooperation and a sustainable and balanced development. [visit website]

Download this file (ESPON_3_2_Scenarios_DGRegio_20070628.ppt)Download ESPON 3.2 Scenarios3987 kB

ESPON DEMIFER - Demographic and Migratory Flows Affecting European Regions and Cities
Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, 2008-2010

Overall predictions indicate labour shortages in the EU after 2010. The Commission Staff Working Document on Europe’s demographic future points out that from around 2017 on the shrinking population in working age will lead to stagnation and, subsequently, reduction of total employment. Against this backdrop, the EU Commission acknowledges the necessity of immigration from outside the EU to meet the requirements of the European labour market. The Fourth Cohesion Report indicates that already today, population growth depends on immigration. In the above mentioned staff working document, the Commission identified a need of further analysis for the effects of migration on Europe’s demographic future. In response to above mentioned key policy documents the project deals with the effects of demographic and migratory flows on European regions and cities and examines the implications for regional competitiveness and European cohesion. [visit website]

Download this file (Final_report_DEMIFER_incl_ISBN_Feb_2011.pdf)Download Final Report2142 kB

ESPON EDORA - European Development Opportunities in Rural Areas
UHI Millennium Institute, 2008-2010

The reform of the Common Agricultural Policy in the framework of the Agenda 2000 boosted the significance of rural development in this sector policy. Rural development, in line with the Lisbon/Gothenburg Strategy, is conceived to support job creation and economic growth in rural areas in a sustainable way. Against this backdrop, this project will provide evidence on the development opportunities of diverse types of European rural areas and reveal options for improving their competitiveness. It will identify opportunities for increasing regional strengths through territorial cooperation and analyse the potential impact of climate change on the development opportunities of rural areas. [visit website]

Download this file (EDORA_Draft_Final_Report_Executive_Summary_Revised_July_2010.pdf)Download executive summary741 kB

ReRISK - Regions at Risk of Energy Poverty

Europe enters a new energy landscape: Energy prices have been rising and the dependency on fossil fuels is increasing. Thus, energy supply and demand will in the future have to turn more towards renewable energy sources and focus more on efficient use of energy. EU Ministers responsible for territorial development have given priority to this issue by expressing their intention in the Territorial Agenda (2007) to explore and develop opportunities of new forms of renewable energy supply. Considering this, this project focuses on opportunities to support competitive and clean energy supplies for regions in Europe and to generate and strengthen sustainable energy sources. It delivers future-oriented territorial evidence on the impact of rising energy prices on the competitiveness of European regions as well as on cohesion in Europe in a long-term perspective. [visit website]

Download this file (ReRiskfinalreportdefinitive_correct_cover_included_by_CU.pdf)Download Final Report6179 kB

ESPON CLIMATE - Climate Change and Territorial Effects on Regions and Local Economies in Europe
TU Dortmund University, March 2009 – April 2011

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has been pivotal in raising awareness on the costs of human inaction and interference with the climate system. The IPCC also indicated the urgency for studies disaggregated to the regional and even local scale. Furthermore, the IPCC identified a strong need for scenarios at regional and local scales to enable appropriate impact assessments. In its Green Paper “Adapting to climate change in Europe”, the European Commission also indicates that more research is needed to address the gaps in understanding global warming and its potential impacts on the environment. Against this backdrop, this project shall analyse how and to which degree climate change will impact on the competitiveness and cohesion of European regions and Europe as a whole. In addition, it shall investigate in which way policy can contribute to mitigate climate change, and to adapt to and manage those results of climate change that cannot be avoided, while making sure that synergies of mitigation and adaptation policies are being exploited. [visit website]


FOCI - Future Orientation for Cities
Free University of Brussels, 2008 -2010

Cities and urban development are a focal point of current territorial development policy. Against the background of the Lisbon Agenda’s aim of growth and jobs, cities are seen as the main potential motors for the achievement of the set goals, which was also acknowledged in EU Cohesion policy documents for 2007 – 2013, including the Community Strategic Guidelines, as well as the Territorial Agenda and the “Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities”, complementing the Territorial Agenda by focusing on the issue of sustainable cities.
This project shall thus analyse the current state, trends and development perspectives for the largest cities and urban agglomerations within the European territory. It shall identify the driving forces of urban development which are the most relevant for understanding urban evolutions and offer scenarios for the development of Europe’s cities leading to alternative policy options. [visit website]


EU-LUPA European Land Use Patterns OCI - Future Orientation for Cities
Labein - Tecnalia - Technology Centre, 2010 - 2013

Land use has changed drastically during the last fifty years (ESA SP 2006) sometimes with important negative effects such as urban sprawl, soil sealing, loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, soil degradation, floods or desertification. The type of land use change varies among different types of regions.
Based on the hypothesis that socio-economic activities are reflected in land use the project understands land use as how the land is used and how it is related to socio-economic activities. This means that at a single point multiple uses can be present.
Until now, land use and land use change in Europe have been mainly addressed from a thematic perspective. There is a need to integrate all these different sector views. Land use characteristics are becoming increasingly multi-functional, crossing not only sectors but also administrative borders. Thus, the objective of the project is to develop a consistent methodology for analysing comparable information about European regions and cities, based on data from different sources and at different levels.
Moreover, the project aims to supply regionalised information integrating the physical dimension (land cover) with socio-economic (land use) and environmental dimensions, in order to understand land use dynamics, land use changes and current land use patterns in the European territory, identifying main challenges in different types of territories, regions and cities and defining the policy recommendations to cope with the challenges. [visit website]


TIPTAP - Territorial Impact Package for Transport and Agricultural Policies   
Polytechnics of Milan, DIG, 2008 - 2010

The Territorial Agenda of the EU highlights the increasing territorial influence of Community policies and states that this should be taken into consideration by policy makers. The Green Paper on Territorial Cohesion states that coordination between sectoral and territorial policies is important to maximise synergies and to avoid possible conflicts. This project builds on the earlier achievements of the ESPON 2006 Programme. The methodology, indicators and the prototype “TEQUILA” model will be further developed and made operational to receive a tool for the ex-ante assessment of territorial impacts of policies. The tool will be tested on transport and agricultural policy and deliver evidence on the territorial impact of these policies. The results are of direct use for creating better policy coordination. [visit website]


Preparation of the Moscow Declaration. Synthesis of national reports
European Conference of Ministers responsible for Regional Planning (CEMAT),Document prepared by Mr Jacques Robert, July 2010

During the period 2007-2010, under the Presidency of the Russian Federation, CEMAT has devoted its activities to the new challenges facing territorial development in Europe. Ten  years  after  the  adoption  in  Hannover  of  the  Guiding  Principles for the sustainable Territorial Development of the European Continent, it seemed appropriate to realise a survey  among  member  states  aiming  at  identifying  the  global  evolution of territorial structures  and  imbalances  in  recent  years,  the  territorial  impacts of emerging and growing  challenges  and  the  related  driving  forces  and,  finally,  the  evolution  of territorially significant policies. The results of the survey are an essential source of inspiration for the CEMAT Moscow Declaration  [visit website] 

Download this file (CEMAT2010.pdf)Download the document561 kB

Guiding Principles for Sustainable Spatial Development of the European Continent
European Conference of Ministers responsible for Regional Planning (CEMAT), 2000

The Guiding Principles for Sustainable Spatial Development of the European Continent were adopted at the 12th Session of the CEMAT held in Hanover in 2000 and incorporated into Recommendation (2002) I by the Committee of Minister to Member States on the Guiding Principles for Sustainable Spatial Development of the European Continent. [visit website]

Download this file (CEMAT2000.pdf)Download the document2057 kB

Programme MED   

The MED Programme is an EU transnational cooperation programme among the “Territorial Cooperation objective” of the EU Cohesion Policy. Partners from 13 countries including the whole Northern Mediterranean seacoast are working together to strengthen the competitiveness, employment and sustainable development of this area. The transnational setup allows the programme to tackle territorial challenges beyond national boundaries, such as environmental risk management, international business or transport corridors. So far 104 projects are running under the MED Programme co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).  [visit website]



MedPAN North    
WWF-France, 2010 - 2013

The MedPAN North project is an independent project operating within the MedPAN network framework under the leadership of WWF-France. It brings together 12 key actors from 6 European countries bordering the Mediterranean: Spain, France, Greece, Italy, Malta and Slovenia. With a budget of 2.38M€ co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund through the Med Programme. The project started in July 2010 and runs until June 2013. 

The aim of the MedPAN North project is to improve MPA management effectiveness, including in the marine Natura 2000 sites and to contribute to the establishment of a network of MPAs, as part of the international commitments, and particularly the European commitments in this area.

This aim will be reached through various activities in 5 different components: Innovative aspects of MPA management; Sustainable management of fisheries in MPAs; Sustainable management of tourism in MPAs; Communication and Project management.  [visit website]


SUDOE - Sud-ouest européen    
WWF-France, 2010 - 2013

Le programme de coopération territoriale de l'espace Sud-ouest européen (SUDOE) soutient le développement régional à travers le cofinancement de projets transnationaux par le biais du FEDER (Fonds européen de développement régional).

Après avoir élaboré une analyse du Sud-ouest européen portant à la fois sur sa démographie, ses caractéristiques socio-économiques, environnementales, etc., le principal objectif poursuivi pour développer une stratégie valorisant ses forces et pour corriger ses faiblesses est de consolider l'espace Sud-ouest européen comme un espace de coopération territoriale dans les domaines de la compétitivité et de l'innovation, de l'environnement, du développement durable et de l'aménagement du territoire, qui contribue pour assurer une intégration harmonieuse et équilibrée de leurs régions au sein des objectifs de la cohésion économique et sociale de l'Union européenne. [visit website]



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